This is a legal phrase associated with several National Regulations from SAC impact evaluation where a plan or project is likely to have an effect on a Natura 2000 site.
Baseline studies were a big part of EIS work in the 90's but now become important again as EIS's are required for both qualifying Planning Applications and IED licensing. It covers air, water, noise, solid waste and biotic and ecological status.
Biological Assessment (Q Values)
Supported by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ERTDI (2000-2006) the EPA has devised a Quality Rating System to analyse the water quality of rivers by looking and comparing biological community compositions. Depending on the abundance and richness of the biological community structure each site is denoted a "Q-value". Each Q-value has a relevant water quality status ranginging from Q1 (Bad) - Q5 (High).
Emissions to Water & Evaluation
Compare current waste water data with relevant legislation/laws, analyse and evaluate.
Environmental Auditing & Due Diligence
These can be a status check for a site or group or as part of environmental evaluation associated with an acquisition or divestiture.
Environmental Impact Assessment and Statements
The EIS is the applicants input to the EIA process which is required for IED/IPPC and qualifying Planning Applications.
Environmental Liability Risk Assessment (ELRA)
This is a formal evaluation based on EU and national Guidance for IED and IPPC sites. It forms the basis in many cases for an environmental management plan and forms part of a License Surrender under Section 95 EPA Acts and PoE Acts as amended.
This is a generic term for the inputs to a SLEPT analyses for a project. It may be very technically specific or generic in nature. Typically it is associated with the introduction of new projects or processes on an existing site or the development potential of new sites. It may be a comparative study of different sites.
Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
This can be a stand alone requirement or part of Due Diligence, Divestiture, and Corporate Policy requirements. Different templates are developed depending on the requirements.
Site Suitability Assessment
This considers the potential impacts and vulnerabilities of different sites and the mitigation measures and costs that may be required.